Transformation of lords into the new body is another meaning of Nabakalebar. The new wooden idols of Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra, Goddess Subhadra and Lord Sudarshan are welcoming to Puri temple with great celebration and it is a great occasion for Odisha people. The new idols are carved and old ones are cremated with rituals mentioned in the century old Odia scriptures.
Depend on the almanac positions of Hindu calendar the transformation or the Nabakalebar takes place once in every 12 to 19 years. Usually it is held in that year when the month of Ashadha is followed by another Ashadha. The previous Nabakalebars were taken place in the years like 1969, 1978 and 1996 and last year 2015 again all devotees were getting the opportunity to see changing form of lords.
From a religious point of view the temple management and priest have to identify the holy tree with a group of search team as prescribed in the temple records. They trace the trees with support of divine dream, then next they start their stopover at Kakatpur, the abode of Goddess Mangala. After that carving of the idols, transfer of Bramha from old to new idol and finally sacred burial of old bodies of Lords are the major rituals which are combinely named as the process of Nabakalebar.
Last Nabakalebar at Puri was observed in 18 July 2015.
Don’t Miss the Rare Opportunity to See Nabakalebara Rath Yatra in 2015
2015 was a great year for Lord Jagannath devotees as they were going to witness the rare NabakalebaraRathYatra, which almost comes in every twelve years. Here are the steps which should be followed by Hindu rituals before preparing new deities.
- The search party for the holy Margo trees should be of 1 member of the PatiMahapatra family, 20 Dayitapatis, 1 Lenka, 9 Maharanas, 16Brahmanas, 3 Deulakaranas, 30 Police officers and 2 police inspectors. The procession starts after Puri Kings' permission.
- Then the procession continues to the gardens of the temple known as Jagannath-Ballabha and starts their journey towards Kakatpur.
- Because it is a belief that only Goddess Bimala or Mangala can only say about the exact location of the holy trees. The Dayitapati will get dream about the different locations of all four deities.
- It is true that on the exact location there should be so many Margo trees, but the team has to choose the specific marking and feature based symptoms on those trees.
- With auspicious time PatiMahapatra will touch the trees with golden axe and then Dayitapati will touch with a silver axe and the maharana family with iron axe.
- Nobody is allowed to go to see the sculptures for 21 days. The ceremony will take place three days before the car festival.
Precise Features of Holy Trees For Nabakalebar
Nabakalebar is the periodical replenishment of the wooden images of Lord, Jagannath, Balabhadra, Subhadra and Sudarshan that is happened in Puri temple of Odisha. 2015 was the fortune year, where Nabakalebar has taken place. Any ordinary tree with extraordinary features can only become the body of the deity or DaruBramha. The Darus should be different for each deity. Such as:
Lord Jagannath Daru features
- The holy tree must have 4 main branches.
- The bark of the Margo tree should be dark colored with the sign of Sankha & Chakra.
- There should be a cremation ground near the tree & free from Parasite plants and Creepers.
- An out hill near the tree and a snake hole at the roots of the tree should be present.
- It should be that holy tree, which doesn’t have any birds' nest and near the river or a pond or a crossing of the three ways or else to be surrounded by 3 mountains.
- The tree should be surrounded with the trees of Varuna, Sahada, and Belva.
- There should be some hermitage or monastery nearby.
Lord Balabhadra Daru Features
- The holy tree must have Seven Branches.
- The tree must be light brown or white color with the sign of Plough and Pestle.
- Nearby tree there should be a hermitage and also a graveyard.
Goddess Subhadra Daru Features
- The tree should have Seven Branches.
- The tree should be light brown or white color with the sign og plough and pestle.
- Nearby tree there should be a hermitage and a graveyard.
Daru of Lord Sudarshan
- The holy Margo tree should have three branches.
- The bark of the tree should be barkish with the sign of Chakra with a small depression in the middle.
Sacred Time Of Nabakalebar
Nabakalebar is the festival of Transformation of Deities into new bodies from old bodies. Based on Hindu calendar calculation and date within every twelve to nineteen years this festival gets organized. On this occasion the wooden images of the deities are replace by new ones in the Puri Jagannath temple.
During full moons of two Ashadh months (June-July) this festival has taken place. In every three years a lunar month is excluded to balance in between lunar and solar years to calculate this Nabakalebar period. The specific month, which was excluded from the calculation known as Adhimasa or Mala masa due to be believed as most inauspicious period for any rituals and religious ceremonies is taken place to conduct this Nabakalebar festival. Inauspicious month for the sacred renewal ceremony is named as PurusottamaMasa. 1863, 1893, 1931, 1950, 1969, 1978 and 1996 are the consecutive years within last 100 years for Nabakalebar ceremony. Last year 2015, July 18th was the sacred date for Nabakalebar.
The Puri Jagannath temple had made all arrangements for Nabakalebar Festival in a grand manner in Odisha. All the servitors are assigned their consecutive works in fine order in the best possible manner on the occasion. Even the state Government had contributed its best services like widening roads, giving well diversions in National highway to connect with other major roots, massive parking facilities to accommodate huge number of devotees comfortably in this holy city.